Pirates Cost Hollywood Billions Study Shows
Hollywood's major movie studios lost $6.1 billion (£3.3 billion) in revenues in 2005 to illegal videos, DVDs and Internet downloads, which is about 75 percent higher than previous estimates, the studios' representative said.
In a study released late on Tuesday, the Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA), which represents the major studios in government affairs, said the study is the first to measure losses from Web downloading.
The study showed piracy in Asia is less a problem than in North America and Europe.
It also showed that losses stemmed not only from fewer ticket sales but also from fewer DVD sales which has been one of the growing business arenas in recent years.
"This study will help us better analyse and focus our efforts to fight movie theft," MPAA Chief Executive Officer Dan Glickman said in a statement.
For years the MPAA has said it believed the studios lost about $3.5 billion in annual revenues from the sale of illegal videos and DVDS, and it never estimated lost sales on the Web.
COMMISSIONED BY MPAA
The study, conducted by LEK Consulting LLC and commissioned by the MPAA, showed losses in the United States alone totalling almost $1.3 billion. Mexico was No. 2 on the list, accounting for $483 million in lost sales.
The research dispelled a common belief Asian countries such as China had the most offenders. That country was No. 5 on the list with a total of $244 million in lost sales. Russia was No. 3 at $266 million, followed by Spain No. 4 with $253 million.
Of the $4.8 billion in lost revenues in international territories, nearly half of that came in Europe.
"Bootlegging," which the study defines as buying illegally copied movies, DVDS or Video CDs, accounted for $2.4 billion. "Illegal copying," making copies for yourself or getting them from friends, made up $1.4 billion. Finally, illegal downloads cost the studios $2.3 billion in lost revenues.
In the United States, illegal copying is the most prominent way to get pirated movies, whereas in other countries, downloads and bootlegging are more commonly used.
The average offending person is male, between 16 and 24 years-old and living in urban areas, according to the study.
Research was conducted in 28 countries, over 18 months.